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    3. 先進制造業知識服務平臺
      工信部產業技術基礎公共服務平臺 國家中小企業公共服務示范平臺

      《先進制造信息參考》第51期


      2019/4/29 10:09:24

      數字化設計與制造

      類型:期刊

      標題:Application of Tailor Heat Treated Blanks technology in a joining by forming process

      參考譯名:熱鍛毛坯技術在成形連接中的應用

      簡介:The usage of modern materials in the automotive industry for the body in white construction leads to increasing requirements for the manufacturing process. Due to the limited formability of high-strength aluminium alloys and steels, joining by forming of these dissimilar materials is still a big challenge, which requires suitable and innovative manufacturing technologies. In sheet forming processes the Tailor Heat Treated Blank (THTB) technology allows enhancing the formability of high-strength aluminium alloys. Therefore, the applicability of the THTB technology for the shear-clinching technology is investigated in this paper. Up till now, this innovative joining by forming technology is only qualified to join ductile aluminium alloys and high-strength steels, but the combination of high-strength aluminium and high-strength steel has not been realized yet. In this research work, the limits of the shear-clinching process have been extended to successfully join the material combinations of AA7075 on the punch side and HCT780X, as well as press hardened 22MnB5 on the die side by using aluminium specimens with different heat treatment layouts. Further, this paper shows the possibility to adjust the material flow of the shear-clinching process by local and short-term heat treatment.

      來源:刊名《Journal of Materials Processing Technology》年:2019,264 259272 總頁數:14 語種:英語 分類號:TG50; TB3 ISSN0924-0136

      鏈接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=37942

       

      類型:會議

      標題:Addressing Uncertainties in Complex Manufacturing Environments: A Multidisciplinary Approach

      參考譯名:解決復雜制造環境中的不確定性:多學科方法

      簡介:With the introduction of intelligent and autonomous systems into factory environments, workplaces where human employees work alongside digital counterparts will become increasingly informational. We develop a generic framework for hypothetical workplaces to investigate how complexities create to uncertainties. Complexity may be explained through the Level of Abstractions used to model a system, and it is encountered in its dynamic form as an alteration of information flow between agents in a phenomenological relationship. Analyzing these systems as 'information flows' brings to light the uncertainity(ies) the workers of the future will have to cope with. We develop first concepts that can be used to develop heuristics to manage these uncertainties in complex manufacturing environments. These heuristics may also be useful in creating optimized workplaces that combine the individual abilities of both humans and machines. The framework proposed in this paper may be subject for an empirical validation of these heuristics in the future.

      來源:Advances in Manufacturing, Production Management and Process Control :》 年:2019 103114 總頁數:12

      鏈接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=37914 

       

      類型:資訊

      標題:How intelligent scanning could unlock value in smart manufacturing

      參考譯名:智能掃描如何開啟智能制造的價值

      簡介:It’s unclear exactly what shape the car of tomorrow will take, but one thing seems fairly certain: from a technology standpoint, it will be far more complex and intricate than what we know now—and what we know now is already very complex. Quality and fault checking systems in the manufacturing process will be put under greater strain than before, particularly in the age of autonomous vehicles when automakers are likely to assume greater degrees of a liability should something go wrong on the road.

      來源:AW  2019/04/12

      鏈接:https://www.automotiveworld.com/articles/how-intelligent-scanning-could-unlock-value-in-smart-manufacturing/

       

       

       汽車工程

      類型:期刊

      標題:New Trends to Improve the Raw Materials of Automotive Parts/Spare Parts

      參考譯名:汽車零部件原材料改進的最新趨勢研究

      簡介:The automotive industry is one of the important industries which affected by raw materials of parts/spare parts. This work is applied research on the automotive products, such as main parts, and spare parts. The automotive products meet lot of problems, which come from certain causes such as environmental conditions. This work faces these problems and solves it, by taking some actions. Selecting raw materials which represent main causes of the problems and treatment it. This work uses analytical tool (Root - Cause Effect) to find out the root causes. Also, this work used new trends to improve the performance of raw material which uses in manufacturing of products such chemical treatment.

      來源:【刊名】:American Journal of Mechanics and ApplicationsISSN】:2376-6115EISSN】:2376-6131【語種】:eng【出版信息】:2018 Vol.6 No.1

      鏈接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=37940

       

       

      3D打印、增材制造、生物制造

      類型:咨詢報告

      標題:3D Printing Trends Q1 2019

      參考譯名:3Dhubs2019年一季度3D打印發展趨勢報告

      簡介:3D printing is growing. The most significant change in 2018 was the evolution of our perception of the technology. 3D printing isn’t just for prototyping anymore; Additive is now a viable method of manufacturing.

      ? 3D printing is making steps towards manufacturing.

      ? Prototyping is still the primary application.

      ? Knowledge is currently the main barrier.

      ? Online 3D printing is driven by professional users.

      ? 3D printing is only a part of the solution.

      來源:https://www.3dhubs.com/get/trends/?utm_campaign=Trend%20Report&utm_source=hs_email&utm_medium=email&utm_content=70746111&_hsenc=p2ANqtz-_0ZArCY0Q-qbxQrhSD3x-ZKIcMCQg2XbOcdTzAX6HJFN7tReC5Gygw0CvoPT0lymtH3F-ReJgAvTM-ef5ZCc8349nbTA&_hsmi=70746113

      鏈接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=37885

       

      類型:資訊

      標題:3D printed molds help to insulate NASA's supersize Space Launch System

      參考譯名:3D打印模具有助于隔離美國宇航局超大尺寸的太空發射系統

      簡介:To keep rockets from getting too hot during the extreme temperatures of launch, insulation is essential — but it's not always easy to fit it into a spacecraft's cramped machinery. Thanks to 3D printing, engineers working on NASA's Space Launch System are creating custom molds that make insulating foam a perfect fit.

      來源:Apr 18, 2019  www.3ders.org

      鏈接:http://www.3ders.org/articles/20190418-3d-printed-molds-help-to-insulate-nasas-supersize-space-launch-system.html

       

      類型:資訊

      標題:BMBF project IDAM to enable metallic 3D printing in automotive series production

      參考譯名:BMBF項目IDAM,實現汽車系列產品中的金屬3D打印

      簡介:On March 27, 2019, the joint project IDAM held its kick-off meeting in Munich, which was intended to lead the way for furthering the use of AM processes in automotive series production. The project partners, including 11 leading industry stakeholders and SMEs, are eager to transfer metallic 3D printing into an industrialized and highly automated series process for the automotive industry.

      來源:Apr 17, 2019  www.3ders.org

      鏈接:http://www.3ders.org/articles/20190417-bmbf-project-idam-to-enable-metallic-3d-printing-in-automotive-series-production.html

       

      類型:資訊

      標題:Poietis granted third European patent for laser-assisted 3D bioprinting technology

      參考譯名:Poietis獲得歐洲第三項激光輔助3D生物打印技術專利

      簡介:French biotechnology company Poietis has announced the granting of a third patent for its laser-assisted 3D bioprinting technology.

      "We were the first to explore the industrial potenfial of laser assisted bioprinting technology in various applications. The granting of this series of European patents further supports Poiefis’ position in the field of 3D bio-printing," stated Fabien Guillemot, President and CEO of Poietis.

      Based on its expertise in bioprinting technologies and in particular high resolution laser bioprinting, Poietis has also developed the multimodal bioprinting platform NGB (Next Generation Bioprinting). The NGB platform aims to give tissue engineers and researchers greater freedom in the choice of biomaterials and hydrogels. Winner of the 2014 ILab Contest (French National Competition for Innovative start-up Creation of the Ministry of Research, Creation-Development category) and the 2016 Worldwide Innovation Contest, Poietis' laser-assisted 3D bioprinting technology us initially developed at the INSERM and Bordeaux University. The laser-assisted bioprinting technology can position cells in 3D with extremely high cellular resolution (on the order of ten microns) and cellular viability (over 95%).

      來源:Apr 17, 2019  www.3ders.org

      鏈接:http://www.3ders.org/articles/20190417-poietis-granted-third-european-patent-for-laser-assisted-3d-bioprinting-technology.html

       

      類型:期刊

      標題:Multimaterial actinic spatial control 3D and 4D printing

      參考譯名:多材料光化空間控制3D4D打印

      簡介:Production of objects with varied mechanical properties is challenging for current manufacturing methods. Additive manufacturing could make these multimaterial objects possible, but methods able to achieve multimaterial control along all three axes of printing are limited. Here we report a multi-wavelength method of vat photopolymerization that provides chemoselective wavelength-control over material composition utilizing multimaterial actinic spatial control (MASC) during additive manufacturing. The multicomponent photoresins include acrylate- and epoxide-based monomers with corresponding radical and cationic initiators. Under long wavelength (visible) irradiation, preferential curing of acrylate components is observed. Under short wavelength (UV) irradiation, a combination of acrylate and epoxide components are incorporated. This enables production of multimaterial parts containing stiff epoxide networks contrasted against soft hydrogels and organogels. Variation in MASC formulation drastically changes the mechanical properties of printed samples. Samples printed using different MASC formulations have spatially-controlled chemical heterogeneity, mechanical anisotropy, and spatially-controlled swelling that facilitates 4D printing.

      來源:Published: 15 February 2019 Nature Communicationsvolume 10, Article number: 791 (2019)

      鏈接:https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-08639-7

       

       

      工業互聯網

      類型:期刊

      標題:GE launches IIoT subsidiary

      參考譯名:通用電氣成立工業物聯網子公司

      簡介:The US technology conglomerate launched a new, independently-operated, wholly-owned subsidiary focused on building a comprehensive Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) software portfolio for the power, renewables, aviation, oil and gas, food and beverage, chemicals, consumer packaged goods, and mining industries. The new company will bring together GE Digital's industry-leading IIoT solutions, including the Predix platform, Asset Performance Management, Historian, Automation (HMI/SCADA) Manufacturing Execution Systems, Operations Performance Management, and the GE Power Digital and Grid Software Solutions businesses. GE said the new company will start with $1.2B/y in software revenue.

      來源:刊名《Worldwide Refining Business Digest: The Fast-read Comprehensive Newaletter for Busy Professionals Working in the Refining Industry》年:2019(Jan.) 132132 總頁數:1

      語種:英語 分類號:TE6 ISSN1077-4831

      鏈接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=37938

       

       

      綜合情報

      類型:咨詢報告

      標題:April 2019 Manufacturing Business Outlook Survey

      參考譯名: 美國制造業20194月展望

      簡介:Regional manufacturing activity continued to grow in April, according to results from this month’s Manufacturing Business Outlook Survey. Although the survey’s indicators for general activity and shipments fell from their readings last month, the indicators for new orders, employment, and the workweek improved. The survey’s indexes for future activity and employment continued to moderate, but the surveyed firms remained generally optimistic about growth over the next six months.

      來源:美聯儲 2019/04/11

      鏈接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=37939

       

      類型:資訊

      標題:How Small to Medium Manufacturers Can Compete in the Global Market

      參考譯名:中小制造商們如何參與全球化市場的競爭

      簡介:Reshoring is a hot topic in the United States. Politically charged, the practice promises an increase in jobs for workers, profits for manufacturers and a revival of the ‘Made in the United States’ movement. Small- to medium-sized manufacturers can prepare for a manufacturing resurgence, driven by reshoring and regulatory changes. Reshoring is the transferring of a business operation that was moved overseas, back to the country it originated in. In this case, United States manufacturers are bringing their services home from other manufacturing economies, such as Asia. But, what’s driving this change?

      來源:美國制造業網M.NET  2019/04/26

      鏈接:https://www.manufacturing.net/article/2019/04/how-small-medium-manufacturers-can-compete-global-market

       

      類型:資訊

      標題:DOE to award nearly $5.2M for High Performance Computing for Energy Innovation; manufacturing, materials and mobility

      參考譯名:美國能源部將提供近520萬美元的基金用于能源、制造、材料和車輛領域創新

      簡介:The US Department of Energy (DOE) has announced nearly $5.2 million for a new solicitation (FBO423-19) under the High Performance Computing for Energy Innovation (HPC4EI) Initiative, the umbrella program for the HPC4Manufacturing (HPC4Mfg), HPC4Materials (HPC4Mtls), and HPC4Mobility programs.The new funding opportunity seeks qualified industry partners to work collaboratively with DOE’s national laboratories on projects that use High Performance Computing (HPC) to solve key technical challenges. These technical challenges include development and optimization of modeling and simulation codes, porting and scaling of applications, application of data analytics, and applied research and development of tools or methods. There will be three areas of focus.

      來源:Green Car Congress

      鏈接:https://www.greencarcongress.com/2019/04/20190402-hpc4ei.html

       

      類型:資訊

      標題:Siemens to be integration partner for Volkswagen Industrial Cloud

      參考譯名:西門子將成為大眾工業云的集成合作伙伴

      簡介:The Siemens technology group will be the integration partner for the Volkswagen Industrial Cloud. (Earlier post.) Volkswagen and Amazon Web Services (AWS) earlier this week announced the development of the Industrial Cloud; in the future, the Volkswagen Industrial Cloud will combine the data of all machines, plants and systems from all 122 facilities of the Volkswagen Group.

      來源:Green Car Congress

      鏈接:https://www.greencarcongress.com/2019/03/20190329-siemens.html 

       

      類型:資訊

      標題:波音787工廠曝安全漏洞,員工稱不敢搭乘

      簡介:南卡羅來納州北查爾斯頓——2009年,波音公司(Boeing)在查爾斯頓附近的新廠破土動工時,曾宣揚這里是最先進的制造中心,將制造一款世界上最先進的飛機。但在接下來的十年里,這家生產787夢想客機的工廠一直受到做工粗糙和監管不力的困擾,危及航空安全。

      《紐約時報》查閱了數百頁的內部電子郵件、公司文件和聯邦記錄,并對十幾名現任和前任員工進行了采訪,揭示出一個經常把速度放在質量之上的文化。面對長期的生產耽擱,波音敦促全體員工高速生產夢想客機,有時無視員工提出的問題。對這種瘋狂速度的抱怨,與外界在另一個型號的波音737 Max客機發生兩起致命墜機事故之后對公司更廣泛的擔憂相呼應。波音現在面臨的問題包括,為了推出Max機型、趕上競爭對手空中客車(Airbus),是否導致了公司忽視設計上的安全風險,比如在兩起墜機事故中都起了作用的防失速系統。

      來源:2019424日紐約時報中文版

      鏈接:https://cn.nytimes.com/business/20190424/boeing-dreamliner-production-problems/

       

       

      宇航空間結構、特種機器人

      類型:資訊

      標題:Lunar base and Gateway part of sustainable long-term human exploration plan

      參考譯名:月球基地和門戶是人類長期可持續探索計劃的一部分

      簡介:WASHINGTON — As NASA works to develop a plan for an accelerated human return to the moon, a top White House official emphasized the need for long-term sustainability that will require both a Gateway and a lunar base.

      來源:spacenews  April 23, 2019

      鏈接:https://spacenews.com/lunar-base-and-gateway-part-of-sustainable-long-term-human-exploration-plan/

       

      類型:資訊

      標題:SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft suffers anomaly during ground tests

      參考譯名:SpaceX的“龍”號宇宙飛船在地面測試中出現異常

      簡介:WASHINGTON — A SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft suffered what the company said was an “anomaly” during static fire tests of its abort engines April 20, dealing a setback to the company’s plans to fly a crewed test flight later this year.

      來源:spacenews  April 20, 2019

      鏈接:https://spacenews.com/spacex-crew-dragon-spacecraft-suffers-anomaly-during-ground-tests/

       

      類型:期刊

      標題:Research on Temperature Control Technology of Thermal Vacuum Test in Aerospace Field

      參考譯名:航空航天領域熱真空試驗溫度控制技術研究

      簡介:The temperature control system is an indispensable key system for the thermal vacuum test. It is used to simulate the infrared heat flow environment of the spacecraft in orbit. In order to improve the stability and reliability of temperature control, this paper designs and develops a thermal vacuum test temperature control system based on the Modbus RTU serial communication protocol on the LabVIEW platform. The system combines the flexibility of software development on LabVIEW platform and combines the stability of serial communication with controller. This temperature control system has been used in thermal vacuum test, the control effect of overshooting within 1°C and temperature control accuracy within ±0.2°C. The system has high stability, which achieves the expected goal.

      來源:【刊名】:MATEC Web of ConferencesEISSN】:2261-236X【語種】:eng【出版信息】:2018 Vol.232【起止頁】:5

      鏈接:http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201823204042

       

      類型:會議

      標題:Transfer Analysis of Human Engineering Skills for Adaptive Robotic Additive Manufacturing in the Aerospace Repair and Overhaul Industry

      參考譯名:航空修理和大修行業自適應機器人增材制造的人類工程技能轉移分析

      簡介:The desire for smart "lights out factories" which can autonomously produce components for high value manufacturing industries is described by the Industry 4.0 solution. This manufacturing methodology is appropriate for newly designed components, which take advantage of modern materials, robotic and automation processes, but not necessarily applicable to overhaul and repair. The aerospace overhaul and repair industry remains heavily dependent on human engineering skills to develop repair and re-manufacturing techniques for complex components of high value. Development of any advanced, intelligent multi-agent robotic additive remanufacturing system requires correct interrogation of metallic materials thermal properties, system control and output. Advanced programming of robots, data interpretation from associated sensory and feedback systems are required to mirror human input. Using process analysis to determine stimuli, replacement of human sensory receptors with electronic sensors, vision systems and high-speed data acquisition and control systems allows for the intelligent fine tuning of multiple heat input parameters to deposit the additive material at any one time. The interaction of these key components combined with novel robotic technology and experienced welding engineers has made possible the construction of a disruptive robotic re-manufacturing technology. This paper demonstrates the design process and analyses the outputs sourced from observation and the recording of highly skilled human engineers when conducting manual remanufacturing and repair techniques. This data is then mined for the transferable control input parameters required to replicate and improve human performance. This industry-academia research intensive collaboration between VBC Instrument Engineering Limited (UK) and The University of Sheffield has received project funding from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC, 2006-2010), the Science and Facilities Technology

      來源:Advances in Manufacturing, Production Management and Process Control :》年:2019 312 總頁數:10

      鏈接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=37915 

       

       

      動力系統、燃氣輪機

      類型:期刊

      標題:Comparative and Exergetic Study of a Gas Turbine System with Inlet Air Cooling

      參考譯名:帶進氣冷卻的燃氣輪機系統的比較性研究

      簡介:The efficiency of the combined cycle is significantly influenced by the temperature, pressure and humidity of the ambient air. The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of the inlet air cooling system (fogging cooling system) on the gas turbine performance by energy and exergy analyses. Energy and exergy analysis was carried out for nine cases based on the operation data of a gas turbine. Performance parameters include fuel consumption, specific fuel consumption, thermal efficiency, net power output, exergetic efficiency and exergy destruction rates of the components for the cases. It is concluded that the net power output of the gas-turbine system increases at lower inlet air temperatures, and based on the mean values, exergetic efficiency and exergy destruction ratio were found as 37.35% and 33.02%, respectively.

      來源:【刊名】:Technical GazetteISSN】:1330-3651EISSN】:1848-6339【語種】:eng

      【出版信息】:2018 Vol.25 No.2 Suppl.

      鏈接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=37941

       

      類型:資訊

      標題:Study suggests some filtering of particulates from diesel exhaust may worsen allergy-induced lung impairment due to increase in NO2

      參考譯名:研究表明,從柴油尾氣中過濾顆粒物可能會加劇因二氧化氮增加引起的過敏性肺損傷

      簡介:Air pollution from diesel engines may worsen allergy-induced lung impairment more when tiny particles are filtered from the exhaust than when they are not, according to new research published online in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.This counter-intuitive result may be due to the fact that some particle-depletion technologies, including the one used by the researchers, increase the amount of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) in the exhaust. NO2, which is subject to national air quality standards, has been shown to reduce lung function and may be a cause of asthma in children.

      來源:Green Car Congress12 April 2019

      鏈接:https://www.greencarcongress.com/2019/04/20190412-ubc.html

       

      類型:咨詢報告

      標題:Impact of Updated Service Life Estimates on Harbor Craft and Switcher Locomotive Emission Forecasts and Cost-Effectiveness

      參考譯名:港口工作船發動機使用壽命改變對成本效益的影響

      簡介:DTF and EDF’s new report, “Impact of Updated Service Life Estimates on Harbor Craft and Switcher Locomotive Emission Forecasts and Cost-Effectiveness”, completed by Ramboll Environ, found the average Category 2 workboat remains in service for 50 years, instead of the 23-year lifespan estimated by the EPA in the 2008 Heavy Duty Locomotive and Marine Rule. A longer service life reduces the fleet’s turnover rate to cleaner, lower-emitting engines, therefore increasing future-year emission estimates.

      來源:the Diesel Technology Forum (DTF) and Environmental Defense Fund (EDF)March 2019

      鏈接:http://pan.ckcest.cn/rcservice//doc?doc_id=37913 

       

       


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